Gamlingay Eco Hub: What does ECO mean?
In the context of the Eco Hub, eco has two meanings. Firstly it is an extremely environmentally sustainable building and secondly it was economical to build and is economical to run.
What makes the Eco Hub Green?
The Eco Hub has no gas or oil supply so generates all its heating from renewable energy. The ground source heating system comprises of 30 100m long pipes located 800mm under the football pitch. Heat is extracted from the ground to heat water in the heating system. This feeds into a large compressor located in the plant room and then into a 2000l oskar tank or energy store.
This is also fed by the solar thermal panels located on the lower section of the south facing roof. The solar thermal system uses heat from the sun to heat water in glass tubes.
This combined heating system provides both space heating and water heating for the whole building. Water is stored at different temperatures in the Oskar Tank and is drawn off when needed into the 3 different heating systems in the building as well as to heat up to 50l of water per minute. The new extensions have under floor heating, the library area has modern radiators with a large surface area and the main hall is heated by fan cooled units which blow warm air into the space.
Also, in the plant room are the controls for the rain water harvesting system. All the rain water which runs off the roof of the building collects in an enormous tank under the far end of the car park. This water is filtered and then used to flush all the loos. If the tank runs dry it is automatically topped up from the mains.
Electricity for use in the Eco Hub is generated by means of photovoltaic cells (PVs) on the high level roof. We have a 15.5 kW capacity system which generates more electricity than we use and so exports some to the national grid. The PVs are controlled by 3 inverters located in the roof space. They convert light into electricity. During daylight hours we use all our own electricity and export what we do not use. When it is dark we import electricity from the grid. We are paid for exporting and for generating electricity.
Despite the fact that we generate our own electricity and heat we would rather not use it in the first place and so we have installed a large number of energy efficiency measures to the building. This includes a light catcher, sun pipes and roof lights as well as internal glass doors and windows so that the Eco Hub makes very best use of natural light. When we do need to use artificial light we have state of the art LEDs to further minimise the running costs for the building. natural ventilation is also allowed for as all the windows (both internal and external) open, and allow fresh air to blow throughout the whole building.
The Eco Hub project involved refurbishing the existing building and adding on three new extensions. As part of this work, the whole building was externally wrapped up in huge amounts of insulations both on the walls and the roof and a low embedded carbon material was used to clad the exterior. Double glazing was fitted throughout. This means that any heat which is put into the bustling stays there and so reduces the need for heat generation to a minimum.
Much of the original building materials were recycled from the old building and those that were new were from renewable sources. Every effort was made to minimise building waste and local suppliers and contractors were used almost exclusively. Phase 2 of the project has seen a garage built with waste materials from phase 1 and a free draining carpark built which includes a recycled plastic mesh being filled with locally sourced gravel. A drought resistant planting scheme and LED eternal lighting has completed the site.
What makes the Eco Hub Economical?
The cost of building the Eco Hub was reduced significantly by recycling many materials from the original building but also thanks to a number of local suppliers e.g. Potton Windows, Kingspan PLC, who gave us very good deals on materials, and in the case of Potton Windows – that meant free materials. The contractors, S and G Hutchinsons, and the architect, Dan Jones of Civic partners, were very adept at ensuring the tightest cost controls and identifying savings wherever possible.
The renewable energy means that we have virtually no utility bills and so all the money the Eco Hub earns can be used to run the building for the direct benefit of the community. Installing LED lights has further reduced the running costs from what they were. Staffing cost are reduced thanks to the considerable efforts of the band of Hub Volunteers who take on a wide variety of invaluable jobs and responsibilities and the volunteer Trustee Board who manage it.
So being ‘The Greenest Community Building in the Country’ has many benefits both to the village of Gamlingay and to the environment. Visitors have come from far afield (Germany and Poland being the furthest) to visit the Eco Hub and to learn from our example of how to deliver a exemplar community building. We have won 3 awards so far and fully expect, now that phase 2 is complete, to win more.